here, I cite from a recently published article by ND Fellows of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health [UWSMPH] which makes certain 'certainly absurd' claims about naturopathy [see 001., below]; and those claims deserve some analysis, ex post facto [see 002., below]:
001. Fleming, S.A. (ND Bastyr 2007), Gutknecht, N.C. (ND NCNM) state in "Naturopathy and the Primary Care Practice" [Prim Care Clin Off Pract 37 (2010) 119-136; for the Pubmed citation, click here]:
Note: these NDs' bio.s are available at University of Washington School of Medicine and Public Health - Department of Family Medicine's "Current Family Medicine Fellows" [vsc 2010-06-23]. It is quite interesting [alarming!] that the Atwood Medscape articles [here, here] are not, in any way, recognized by the authors! Can you say insular-cultic!
001.a. naturopathy's supposed science expertise-basis [there are 9 instances of "scien"]:
"[listed from strongest to weakest, in my view] accredited naturopathic medical schools in the United States and Canada [...include the] National University of Health Sciences [p.124...from its references section] the future and foundation of naturopathic medical science [p.136...] candidates for admission to naturopathic medical school are required to hold a baccalaureate degree, and to have completed all standard premedical undergraduate course work prior to matriculation. The first 2 years of naturopathic medical education focuses on basic and diagnostic sciences including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, histology, pathology, embryology, neuroscience, immunology, pharmacology, physical and clinical diagnosis, and laboratory diagnosis. The final 2 years of naturopathic medical education focuses on clinical sciences and practicum. [p.120-121...] naturopathy is a distinct type of primary care medicine that blends age-old healing traditions with scientific advances and current research [p.119]."
Note: science, science, science. I have an extensive collection of such 'naturopathic false science claiming / aka the science that ain't science.'
Overall, the claim is that the basis of naturopathic is science. I'm pretty sure that the absurdity that I show in this post wouldn't pass muster at the bachelors level!
Yet, this article speaks of a kind of expertise in all this [per 8 instances of "doct"]:
"principles of naturopathic medicine [...#4] doctor as teacher (docere) – NDs educate patients [...] NDs are trained over 4 years at accredited doctoral-level naturopathic medical schools [p.120]."
So, we are to believe that NDs have the qualifications to be legitimate educators with doctoral-level rigor!
001.b. naturopathy's essential nonscience, per "life force" [1 instance] and coding of such as "medicatrix" [2 instances]:
"naturopathic therapeutic order [...its requirement #3] address weakened or damaged systems or organs [...its point #7] harmonize life force [LF, p.123..] Box 1: Principles of Naturopathic Medicine: [#1] the healing power of nature (vis medicatrix naturae) [HPN-VMN are codings for LF...p.120...] Box 2: Naturopathic Therapeutic Order [...#2] stimulate the healing power of nature (vis medicatrix naturae): the self-healing processes [again no transparent mention of vitalism, p.123...other euphemisms of naturopathy's defining vitalistic context include] the body's innate healing capacity [p.119...] the body's natural healing mechanisms [p.120...] the body's natural healing mechanisms [p.124...] autoregulatory and self-healing processes [p.127]."
Note: vitalism, vitalism, vitalism defines naturopathy, upon the preponderance. Such is hugely science-ejected, which means that what naturopathy really is is a pseudoscience / hoax.
001.c. naturopathy's supposed professionalism ["profess" has 8 instances]:
"the Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges (AANMC) [...] acts to promote the naturopathic profession by ensuring rigorous educational standards [p.120...] the naturopathic profession [p.122...] the licensing of NDs is determined at the state or province level in countries that regulate the profession [...] NPLEx follows the same standards as the National Board of Medical Examiners (for the USMLE), the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners, the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, and other health care professions [...] licensing laws for NDs increase public safety by ensuring consistency of education [and] professional standards [p.123...] excessive standardization to cater to credentialing needs may be unfavorable to both NDs and their patients, as individualized care is fundamental to the profession [p.124...the] naturopathic profession [p.125...from references, the] naturopathic profession growing rapidly in US and Canada [p.133]."
Note: since professionalism is this highest relationship that can occur between a discipline and the public, I think a lot is being promised here ethically. But, obviously, it is a facade. For instance, "homeo" occurs in this article 33 times. Rigor? No.
002. for insight into the nonsense that this all is, I go to the alma maters of both NDs:
002.a. at Bastyr University, we're told in "Bastyr University" [vsc 2010-06-23]:
"Bastyr's international faculty teaches the natural health sciences [not supernaturalism or vitalism] with an emphasis on integrating mind, body, spirit [supernaturalism] and nature [vitalism]."
Note: yes, we are being told that within science is the nonscientific. In essence, we are being told that different mutually exclusive types of knowledge are equal, similar and within one another. Insane.
002.b. but, NCNM is BY FAR the larger, more verbose repository for such huge knowledge-conflation insanity per "Principles of Healing" [vsc 2010-06-24]:
"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are examined continually in light of scientific analysis. These principles stand as the distinguishing marks of the profession: the healing power of nature -- vis medicatrix naturae. The body has the inherent ability to establish, maintain, and restore health. The healing process is ordered and intelligent; nature heals through the response of the life force [...] the physician must also make a commitment to her/his personal and spiritual development."
Note: so, herein we're told by the heart of the ND world that the science-exterior is science-interior. Not.
003. so, the 'nonsense knowledge-type conflation insanity' known as naturopathy continues. It poses as legitimate [though not] in the form of academic institutions, people in white lab coats, and in supposed professional journals [minimally].