001. in "Naturopathy" we're told [my comments are in unquoted bold]:
"naturopathy, or naturopathic medicine, is a pseudoscientific form of alternative medicine based on a belief in vitalism, which posits that a special energy called vital energy or vital force guides bodily processes such as metabolism, reproduction, growth, and adaptation [...] naturopathy focuses on naturally occurring substances, minimally invasive methods, and the promotion of natural healing through vitalism [...] vitalism and pseudoscientific modalities such as homeopathy";
hear, hear. This is enough, actually, IMHO, for some kind of class-action against AANP and CAND! But I'm not a lawyer, and merely postulating...
"naturopathy favors a holistic approach [...]";
whatever that means. Now, at the Wikipedia TINY entry for that term, "holistic", we're told: "according to the American Holistic Medical Association it is believed that the spiritual element should also be taken into account when assessing a person's overall well-being." Yes, I'd agree that with naturopathy, supernaturalism is present. In fact, their vitalism is a form of supernaturalism according to the CAND-ND Lloyd book "The History of Naturopathic Medicine: A Canadian Perspective" (ISBN 9781552787786, 2009): "overview of the naturopathic approach: vitalism refers to the view that life is governed by forces beyond the physical self. Often vitalism is associated with concepts of spirit or soul and the term vitality refers to the inherent capacity of an organism to live, grow, develop and heal [p.239]." Yet, of course, CAND who promotes that book tells us, quite abusively, in a YouTube.com video: “[text: we are] science based natural medicine."
"among naturopaths, complete rejection of biomedicine and modern science is common [...] much of the ideology and methodological underpinnings of naturopathy are in conflict with the paradigm of evidence-based medicine [...]";
yes, yes, yes.