001. at my.nps.edu, the NPS writes in "Academic Integrity":
"academic dishonesty in any form is a violation of the NPS honor code, and is taken very seriously by the university [...] NSA faculty report all cases of cheating, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty to NSA department authorities. Based on the severity of the violation appropriate disciplinary action will always be taken [...] ignorance of relevant rules and policies is no defense in the event of an infraction [...]";
hear, hear. I think one of the most academically dishonest things about naturopathy is their "with all other branches of medical science" false self-label [school; journal article].
"cheating and other dishonest conduct, such as offering another person’s work as if it were your own, is categorically unacceptable [...] any work that appears with your name on it as the author is expected to reflect your own independent effort and judgment [...]";
hear, hear. So I'm reminded of how naturopathy claims science upon vitalism, at their 'edu' online places of commerce, while national science organizations' Next Generation Science Standards employ vitalism as an epitome of the science-ejected. I find it completely dishonest.
"independence does not mean, however, that your work will be unrelated to the work of others. On the contrary, all scholars try to learn from each other, in order to improve their own understanding, and to locate their work within the larger work of their discipline and the academy generally. Scholarship is ultimately a collective enterprise, which nevertheless places a high premium on individual accomplishment. It imposes two fundamental requirements on those who participate in it. First, you must be able to show the evidence that has led you to believe what you believe, in a way that allows others to locate and evaluate that evidence themselves. Second, you must give proper credit for ideas, information, and any other substantive feature of your work that you have derived from the work of others [...]";
in my paper-writing history within the academy, I'm actually an 'over-quoter'. Standing on the shoulders of giants.
"plagiarism in its most basic form means the use of someone else’s words, without quotation marks or citation; but the concept applies with equal force to other media, including pictures, graphics, mathematical calculations, and all other forms of intellectual or artistic expression [...] information, concepts, and interpretations that are part of the common property of a scholarly field, such as one might find in textbooks, encyclopedia articles, or other works designed to provide basic information for non-experts, normally do not require citation. Information that is well known to students of subject need not be cited, even it is not “common knowledge” among the general public [...]";
that's actually really interesting.